Who are all at risk to develop thyroid disease?

  • Family history of thyroid disease-
    • First degree relatives like father/mother, brother/sister
    • Second degree relatives like mothers’ and fathers’ brother/sister
  • Individuals with neck swelling/neck mass (goitre)
  • Those who are living at iodine deficient areas- Hill areas/High altitudes
  • Any previous thyroid illnesses-
    • Thyroid excess (Hyperthyroid)
    • Thyroid deficiency (Hypothyroid)
  • Previous history of Thyroxine intake during pregnancy
  • Those who have previously received Radiotherapy for any head and neck area
  • Individuals with autoimmune diseases like-
    • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Individuals with very high Cholesterol levels
  • Those who are on anti psychiatric/antidepressant medicines like lithium
  • All obese individuals (risk is around 10 -15%)
  • Cardiac patients on chronic Amiodarone therapy

This webpage is edited by Dr. S. Sridhar MD, DM (Endo)

Dr. Sridhar is working as Assistant Professor in The Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Madurai Medical College and Rajaji Hospital, and Consultant Endocrinologist and Diabetologist, Vadamalayan Hospitals, Madurai (Tamil Nadu) India.